Gas Mask and Respirator Wiki
Writebetter.png This article would benefit from a more standard writing style.
Articles should be formally written and should be divided into proper sections. For reference, the author should read other, more standardized articles.


The AI-2 "aptechka” was a small individual radiological “first aid” kit issued with GP-5 kit, it consisted of an orange plastic carrying case measuring 10 cm long, 9 cm wide, and 2 cm high. It contained a small Squeeze syringe (syrette) filled with a narcotic opioid pain killer (Promedol 2% solution), or possibly “Afin,” a nerve gas antidote, 7 plastic color coded vials of medications (1 large white, 1 small white, 1 blue, 2 raspberry, and 2 clear), a numbered and color-coded “map” of the contents, and an instruction sheet. Some models also had a white plastic retaining arm on the inside to keep the vials in place while the kit was open.

The contents were as follows:

  • Large white vial: 15 tablets of sulfadimethoxine in a dosage of 200mg (antibiotic)
  • Small white vial: 10 tablets of potassium iodide at a dosage of 125mg (protects against radioactive iodine)
  • Blue vial: 5 tablets of etaperazine at a dosage of 6mg (as an antiemetic, used to prevent vomiting)
  • Raspberry vials: 6 tablets (in each) of cystamine at a dosage of 200mg (reduces the effect of radiation)
  • Clear vials: 5 tablets (in each) of chlortetracycline at a dosage of 6mg (antibiotic)

At some point, the syringes were removed from the kits. Most kits on the market today do not have the syringes. Generally the kits will come without the medications though occasionally they still contain them.

A translation of the instruction sheet in the kit (the dotted lines are page breaks):


for using the first-aid kit




for using the first-aid kit


Analgesic remedy No. 1, SYRINGE-TUBE with unmarked number.  Apply for fractures, extensive wounds, and burns.  Shelf life — 3 years. 

Instructions for using the syringe tube

Remove the syringe tube from the first-aid kit.  Take the ribbed rim of the cannula with your hand by the housing and rotate the housing until it stops.  Turn the housing back to the original position, then turn it a second time until it releases. Remove the cap protecting the needle, holding syringe tube by cannula.  Without touching needle with your hands, stick it into the soft tissue of the thighs or arms (possible through clothing). Squeeze the tube tightly with your fingers, squeeze out the contents, and without spreading fingers, withdraw the needle.

Nerve agent antidote, No. 2, a red pencil case.  Take


1 tablet on civil defense signal. If signs of poisoning increase, take another tablet.  Shelf life — 3 years.

Antibacterial agent No. 2, slot No. 3, large pencil case without coloring.  After irradiation, in case of gastrointestinal disorder, take 7 tablets in one dose on the first day, then 4 tablets per day in the subsequent two days.  Shelf life — 3 years.

Radioprotective agent No. 1, slot No. 4, two pencil cases of pink color. Take 6 tablets when there is the risk of irradiation, washed down with water.  If there is new threat of irradiation after 4-5 hours, take another 6 tablets.  Shelf life — 3 years.

Antibacterial agent No. 1, slot No. 5, two canisters without coloring, with squared cases.  On threat or bacterial infection as well as wounds and burns, take the contents of one pencil case (5 tablets), washed down with water, take the contents of the second pencil case (5 tablets)


after 6 hours.  Shelf life — 3 years.

Radioprotective agent No. 2, slot No. 6, a white pencil case.  Take 1 tablet with fresh milk daily for 10 days after radioactive fallout. Shelf life — 2 years.

Antiemetic No. 7, a pencil case of blue color.  Take 1 tablet immediately after irradiation, and with the appearance of nausea after a head injury.  Shelf life — 3 years.

Note: Children under 8 years old are given 1/4 tablet at a time (except radioprotective agent No. 2).

Children from 8 to 15 years - 1/2 tablet. Analgesic and radioprotective agent No. 2 are given in full dose.

Packing date 0572 month, year.

Series No. 105

GPPO "Dawn".