The Népgázálarc (People's gas mask) is a Hungarian civilian gas mask that was available for civilians before and during the Second World War.
The facepiece is made of rubber coated claret canvas and seals on the face via dense weaved textile verge. The eyepiece is made of an early plastic (celluloid – this is why most mask can be found with yellowed eyepieces). Anti-fogging soap was issued instead of anti-fogging inserts so the mask lacks of any fixing options for them. The 4-pointed harness is a simple two-piece system with a third part around the neck to provide tight seal. The aluminium intake valve housing sports a 40mm DIN thread and on the inside there is a wool ring which meant to absorb humidity. The exhalation valve got place under the left eyepiece (the same exhale valve was used on the later Ipari félálarc). It was made in 5 sizes, unlike the Cold War Hungarian masks the size 1 is the largest and size 5 is the smallest.
Main article: 36M filter
The filter is green painted cylindrical canister filter. A sticker covers the intake which had to be torn of before use.
Bag and kit Edit
The bag is a basic canvas bag with only one big part inside. The kit contained:
- 36M facepiece
- 36M filter
- Bag or cardboard box
- Antifog soap
External information Edit
Price and availability Edit
The kit was 13 Pengő (it was the Hungarian money that time. A cheaper option packed in a cardboard box was 11 Pengő. Spare filter was 2,50 Pengő. The kit could be bought in the shops of Mercur Műszaki és Vegyipari Rt., resellers (like "IGÉVÉ" Ipari- és Gázvédőezközök Kft.) or ordered through a newspaper. Légoltalmi Liga (the predecessor of Polgári védelem - Civil Defence) organised an aid project to collect money for the gas masks of the poor. It could be supported by buying a special stamp.
Common misinformation that these masks were made for children because of the small sizes and color. Of course the smaller ones were for children.
- Size 1: for adults
- Size 2: for adults
- Size 3: for adults
- Size 4: for women and 9-13 years old children
- Size 5: for 6-8 years old children
Post war manufactring Edit
According to some references the mask was manufactured after the war until 1956 because of the Cold War and Yugoslav threat. But this is very unlikely, the source probaly confused it with the 34M which was produced til the 1960s.
- Horler Ferenc: A polgári lakosság önvédelme légitámadások ellen (book-1938)
- Légoltalmi ismeretek (book-1937)
- Légoltalmi ABC (book-1939)