(NEW REF!!!)
Line 1: Line 1:
|name = Népgázálarc|aka = 35M Polgári gázálarc,
|name = Népgázálarc|aka = 36M Népálarc,
N. gázálarc,
N. gázálarc,
36M Népgázálarc|next = [[67M]]
36M Népgázálarc|next = [[67M]]

Revision as of 19:33, September 13, 2019

The Népgázálarc (Folk gas mask) is a Hungarian civilian gas mask that was available for civilians before and during the Second World War.


The facepiece is a rubber coated claret canvas mask. The eyepiece is made of an early plastic (cellon – this is why most mask can be found with yellowed eyepieces). Antifog soap was issued despite of antifog inserts. The harness is a simple two-piece system with a third part around the neck to provide tight seal. The valves made of metal (aluminium). The exhalation valve is under the left eyepiece. It was made in 5 sizes, unlike the Cold War Hungarian masks the size 1 is the largest and size 5 is the smallest.


Main article: 35M filter

The filter is green painted cylindrical canister filter. A sticker covers the intake which had to be torn of before use.

Bag and kit

The bag is a basic canvas bag with only one big part inside. The kit contained:

  • 35M facepiece
  • 35M filter
  • Bag or cardboard box
  • Antifog soap
  • Manual

External information

Price and availability

The kit was 13 Pengő (it was the Hungarian money that time, 13 Pengő is now worth about 26€) in 1938. A cheaper option packed in a cardboard box was 11 Pengő. Spare filter was 2 Pengő 50 Fillér. The kit could be bought in the shops of Mercur Műszaki és Vegyipari Rt. or ordered through a newspaper. Légoltalmi Liga (the predecessor of Polgári védelem - Civil Defence) organised an aid project to collect money for the gas masks of the poor. It could be supported by buying a special stamp.


Common misinformation that these masks were made for children because of the small sizes and color. Of course the smaller ones were for children.

Average sizing:

  • Size 1: for adults
  • Size 2: for adults
  • Size 3: for adults
  • Size 4: for women and 9-13 years old children
  • Size 5: for 6-8 years old children

Post war manufactring

According to some references the mask was manufactured after the war until 1956 because of the Cold War and Yugoslav threat.



Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.