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|previous = [[33M]]
 
|previous = [[33M]]
 
|image = IMG 9327.JPG
 
|image = IMG 9327.JPG
|filter = [[33M/34M/35M filters|35M filter]]
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|filter = [[33M/34M/36M filters|36M filter]]
 
|thread = {{Thread|DIN}}
 
|thread = {{Thread|DIN}}
 
|name-en = Folk gas mask}}The '''Népgázálarc''' (Folk gas mask) is a Hungarian civilian gas mask that was available for civilians before and during the Second World War.
 
|name-en = Folk gas mask}}The '''Népgázálarc''' (Folk gas mask) is a Hungarian civilian gas mask that was available for civilians before and during the Second World War.
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== Filter ==
 
== Filter ==
''Main article:'' [[33M/34M/35M filters | 35M filter]]
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''Main article:'' [[33M/34M/35M filters | 36M filter]]
   
 
The filter is green painted cylindrical canister filter. A sticker covers the intake which had to be torn of before use.
 
The filter is green painted cylindrical canister filter. A sticker covers the intake which had to be torn of before use.

Revision as of 19:34, September 13, 2019

The Népgázálarc (Folk gas mask) is a Hungarian civilian gas mask that was available for civilians before and during the Second World War.

Overview

The facepiece is a rubber coated claret canvas mask. The eyepiece is made of an early plastic (cellon – this is why most mask can be found with yellowed eyepieces). Antifog soap was issued despite of antifog inserts. The harness is a simple two-piece system with a third part around the neck to provide tight seal. The valves made of metal (aluminium). The exhalation valve is under the left eyepiece. It was made in 5 sizes, unlike the Cold War Hungarian masks the size 1 is the largest and size 5 is the smallest.

Filter

Main article: 36M filter

The filter is green painted cylindrical canister filter. A sticker covers the intake which had to be torn of before use.

Bag and kit

The bag is a basic canvas bag with only one big part inside. The kit contained:

  • 35M facepiece
  • 35M filter
  • Bag or cardboard box
  • Antifog soap
  • Manual

External information

Price and availability

The kit was 13 Pengő (it was the Hungarian money that time, 13 Pengő is now worth about 26€) in 1938. A cheaper option packed in a cardboard box was 11 Pengő. Spare filter was 2 Pengő 50 Fillér. The kit could be bought in the shops of Mercur Műszaki és Vegyipari Rt. or ordered through a newspaper. Légoltalmi Liga (the predecessor of Polgári védelem - Civil Defence) organised an aid project to collect money for the gas masks of the poor. It could be supported by buying a special stamp.

Sizing

Common misinformation that these masks were made for children because of the small sizes and color. Of course the smaller ones were for children.

Average sizing:

  • Size 1: for adults
  • Size 2: for adults
  • Size 3: for adults
  • Size 4: for women and 9-13 years old children
  • Size 5: for 6-8 years old children

Post war manufactring

According to some references the mask was manufactured after the war until 1956 because of the Cold War and Yugoslav threat.

Images

References

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